Image Credit: By Kmusser - Own work, all data from Vector Map., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/...
What was it like to grow up in the Caribbean for Cliff and other children? Watch the video (1:57 – 2:10mins), here Louis and Herbie Providence talk about their life before moving to the UK. Listen out for the following answers to these questions:
- What can Herbie remember doing every day as a child? (going for a swim)
- What do Herbie and Louis remember about school? (Geography and history lessons were very Anglocentric, photo of the Queen and Trafalgar Square on the walls)
After World War 2, Britain needed labour to rebuild and work in vital industries such as nursing and transport. Government had invited workers to come from the Caribbean to the UK to help fill these post war shortages. They were able to bring their children with them, just like Cliff, Herbie and Louis. The Caribbean countries were at the time a part of the British Commonwealth.
At first, people were directed to the big cities and towns and places where there was a shortage in the labour force. One employer in London, British Rail, recruited men to work in Peterborough. But other companies; Brotherhood, baker Perkins, London Brick and the NHS also had vacancies and people came to the city to find work.